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护士的卧床患者常见并发症知识及态度调查与分析
Investigation and analysis on the knowledge and attitude of nurses on common complications among bedridden patients

段征征 吴欣娟 刘义兰 胡德英 祝毅 李红梅 曾祥康 贾红影 黄璐璐 路星星 赖粼

【摘要】目的 了解武汉市临床护士对卧床患者常见并发症预防与护理的知识及态度认识状况, 为进一步开展针对性培训,提高临床护理质量提供依据。方法 采用便利抽样法于2016 年11 月选取武 汉市4 所医院的748 名临床护士人员,采用自行设计的护士对卧床患者常见并发症护理知识、态度问卷 进行调查。结果 护理人员对卧床患者常见并发症染预防与护理知识正确率从高到低依次为:深静脉 血栓(77.44%)、肺部感染(73.88%)、泌尿系感染(70.63%)、压疮(61.44%);态度得分率从高到低依次为:压 疮(88.21%)、泌尿系感染(86.81%)、肺部感染(86.66%)、深静脉血栓(85.92%),护士对4 种并发症预防护理 知识与态度均成正相关(P < 0.05)。结论 护理管理者应加强对护理人员常见并发症知识的更新及培 训,提升其对常见并发症预防护理的积极态度,提高护理服务质量。
【摘要】Objective To investigate the knowledge and attitude of nurses on the prevention and nursing of common complications among bedridden patients in Wuhan City, and provide scientific basis for the implementation of targeted training in improving clinical nursing quality. Methods A total of 748 clinical nurses from 4 hospitals in Wuhan City were selected in November 2016 using convenient sampling method. A self-designed questionnaire was applied to investigate the common complications nursing knowledge and attitude of nurses on bedridden patients. Results The accuracy of nurses' knowledge on the prevention and nursing of common complications among bedridden patients were listed as follows: deep vein thrombosis( DVT)( 77.44%), pneumonia( 73.88%), urinary tract inflammation( 70.63%), and pressure ulcers( 61.44%). The scores of nurses' attitude were listed successively: pressure ulcers( 88.21%), urinary tract inflammation( 86.81%), pneumonia (86.66%), and DVT( 85.92%). There were positive correlation between the scores of knowledge and attitude of nurses on four kinds of complications( P < 0.05). Conclusions Nursing administrators should improve the training and update of common complications knowledge on nurses, and promote their positive attitude to the prevention of common complication to increase the quality of nursing.

【关键词】护理人员; 卧床患者; 并发症; 知识; 态度
【关键词】Nursing staff; Bedridden patients; Complication; Knowledge; Attitude