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人性化护理和心理辅导对胰腺癌患者焦虑和抑郁情绪的影响
Effects of humanized nursing and psychological guidance on anxiety and depression in patients with pancreatic cancer

张敏

Zhang Min

【摘要】目的 探讨人性化护理和心理辅导对胰腺癌患者焦虑和抑郁情绪的影响。方法 采用目 的抽样法,2014 年1月— 2017 年6 月,选择胰腺癌患者92 例为研究对象。将患者随机分为观察组和对照 组各46 例。对照组患者给予常规心理辅导,观察组患者给予人性化护理和心理辅导。采用SAS 和SDS 比较两组患者的焦虑和抑郁情绪。结果 术后3 d 观察组患者SAS、SDS 评分低于对照组,差异有统计学 意义(P< 0.01);术后3 d 观察组患者SAS、SDS 评分低于术前,差异有统计学意义(P< 0.01)。结论 人 性化护理和心理辅导可改善胰腺癌患者的心理健康状况,值得临床推广应用。
【摘要】Objective To explore the effects of humanized nursing and psychological guidance on anxiety and depression in patients with pancreatic cancer. Methods Totally 92 patients with pancreatic cancer were selected by purposive sampling from January 2014 to June 2017, and randomly divided into the observation group( 46 patients) and the control group( 46 patients). Patients in the control group received routine psychological guidance, while patients in the observation group received humanized nursing and psychological guidance. The SAS and SDS were used to compare the level of anxiety and depression between the patients in the two groups. Results The SAS and SDS scores of the patients in the observation group were lower than those of the patients in the control group three days after the surgery( P<0.01); and the SAS and SDS scores of the patients in the observation group three days after the surgery were lower than the level before the surgery( P< 0.01). Conclusions Humanized nursing and psychological guidance help to improve the mental health of patients with pancreatic cancer, thus worthy to be expanded and applied.

【关键词】胰腺肿瘤; 焦虑; 抑郁; 人性化护理; 心理辅导
【关键词】Pancreatic neoplasms; Anxiety; Depression; Humanized nursing; Psychological guidance