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本期期刊

认识流感的疾病负担积极应对流感流行
Recognize the burden of influenza and actively respond to the influenza epidemic

蒋荣猛

Jiang Rongmeng

【摘要】2017 年入冬以来,北半球温带地区流感活动继续上升,我国南、北方省份流感活动均处于 冬季流行高峰水平。流感的局部暴发,对医疗机构造成巨大压力。要做到早期有效应对,要先认识流 感的危害和疾病负担,因为流感不是“感冒”。本文对流感的流行形式、并发症、易感人群、治疗及预防 措施进行综述。在流感流行季节,医疗机构是流感患者集中的场所,只有早期采取包括早诊早治、医院 感染控制等综合应对措施,才能最大限度地减少重症病例,减少住院、死亡以及传播的风险。
【摘要】Since the winter of 2017, the influenza activity in the temperate zone of the northern hemisphere has continued to rise. The influenza activities in southern and northern provinces of China are at the peak of winter epidemic. The outbreak of a local influenza has put tremendous pressure on medical institutions. To achieve effective response, we need to understand the hazards and the burden of influenza first. Because influenza is not "cold." This article reviews the epidemic forms, complications, high risk population, treatment and prevention of influenza. In the influenza epidemic season, medical institutions are places where flu patients gathered. Only early comprehensive interventions such as early diagnosis and treatment and hospital infection control can reduce the severe cases, hospitalization, deaths and the risk of transmission.

【关键词】综述; 流感,人; 医疗机构; 并发症; 高危人群; 神经氨酸酶抑制剂
【关键词】Review; Influenza, human; Medical institutions; Complications; High risk population; Neuraminidase inhibitors