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护理应急措施在流感中的应用
Application of nursing emergency response in patients with influenza

杨博 刘小冬 张俊霞 梁再燕 张丽 胡汉英 王凌航

Yang Bo, Liu Xiaodong, Zhang Junxia, Liang Zaiyan, Zhang Li, Hu Hanying, Wang Linghang

【摘要】目的 探讨护理应急措施在感染病急诊科接诊收治流感患者中的应用。方法 为了应对 2017 年入冬以来的流感流行,首都医科大学附属北京地坛医院启动应急预警快速响应机制,合理调配 人力资源,做好区域内的消毒、隔离,使消毒隔离、个人防护和优质护理等措施落实到位,积极有效地 应对突发公共卫生事件。结果 54 d内感染病急诊累计接诊患者9 190 例,其中流感患者5 953 例:流感 留观患者5 687 例,全部康复出院;流感入院患者266 例,其中重症患者通过早期鉴别经绿色通道收治 重症监护病房10 例,最终,264 例患者康复出院,2 例死亡。区域内患者零交叉感染,医护人员零感染。 结论 科学的管理方法和健全有效的护理应急管理体系,对科室快速应对突发公共卫生事件具有重要 意义。
【摘要】Objective To explore application of nursing emergency measures in admission care of patients with influenza infection in Infectious Disease Emergency Department. Methods In order to response to the pandemic influenza in the winter of 2017, Beijing Ditan Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University started the rapidly response mechanism to emergency, including rationally allocating human resources, strengthening district disinfection and isolation, putting disinfection and isolation, personal protection and quality care into practice, to effectively respond to public health emergencies. Results A total of 9 190 patients were admitted to the Infectious Disease Emergency Department within 54 days, including 5 953 influenza patients, of those, 5 687 observed influenza patients recovered and discharged. The other 266 patients were admitted to the hospital, and 10 patients were admitted to the intensive care unit for early diagnosis of severe cases. Ultimately 264 patients recovered and were discharged but 2 patients died. Throughout the nursing process, none cross-infections occurred among patients and none infections occurred in medical personnel. Conclusions Scientific management methods and effective nursing emergency management systems are important for the department to quickly respond to public health emergencies.

【关键词】流感,人; 感染病急诊; 护理应急措施
【关键词】Influenza, human; Infectious disease emergency; Nursing emergency response