护理英语

医学英文摘要写作(七):完结篇

文章来源:医护英语学习 作者:小林老师 编辑: 发布时间:2018-03-26
If you want to be successful, it's just this simple. Know what you are doing. Love what you are doing. And believe in what you are doing.  
如果你想要成功,这很简单:知道你在做什么,爱你做的事,相信你做的事。

医学英语摘要写作(七)

有关各种诊断检查与手术治疗的句型

▼  ▼  ▼  
■ 检查或手术名称+was/were+done/perfromed+in/on …patients
■  病人+underwent+检查或手术名称
例如:
Ultrasonography was performed on 37 patients with proven cancer of the pancreas.
作者对37例已被确诊为胰腺癌的患者作了超声显像检查。
Such patients should undergo coronary angiography for detection of the disease.
这类患者应作冠状血管造影,以对该病进行诊断。

表达“测定”的句型

▼  ▼  ▼    
■  表示“测定”的动词,最常用的是measure;有时也用determine。
能与这类动词搭配的名词可分为三类:
1. 各种化学与生化成分,如antibody(抗体), zinc(锌), potassium(钾), lipid(类脂)等。
2. 表示“含量”的词,如concentration(浓度), level(水平), rate(率), output(输出量)等。
3. 表示各种机能的名词,如function(功能), activity(活性), change(变化), response(反应),binding(结合力)等。
例如:
Serum lipids were determined in patients with hepatoma, liver cirrhosis and healthy controls.
我们对肝细胞瘤、肝硬化及健康的对照人员作了血脂测定。
Levels of serum calcium, phosphorus, and magnesium were measured in 61 patients admitted to a coronary unit.
我们对冠心病监护室收治的61例患者作了血清钙、磷及镁含量测定。
The phagocytic and metabolic functions of the reticuloendothelialsystem were determined.
我们测定了网状内皮系统的吞噬与代谢功能。

常用的数值表达

▼  ▼  ▼    
■  “a+名词+of+数词”是一种常见的表达数值的结构。其中的名词一般都是表示数值概念的名词或动源性名词。
例如:
a total of    总数为……
a series of    连续数为……
a period of    为期……
a maximum of    最大值为……
a minimum of    最小值为……
an incidence of    发病率为……
a mortality of    死亡率为……
an accuracy of    准确率为……
a dose of    剂量为……
an average of    平均数为……
a mean of    平均数为……
an average duration of    平均持续时间为……
a median follow-up interval of    随访平均间隔时间为…
an average reduction of    平均减少……
a mean remission of   平均缓解时间为……

 What leads to ACCEPTANCE?  
如何才能投稿成功?  

A: Attention to details  注重细节
C: Check and double check your work  反复检查
C: Consider the reviewers' comments 考虑审稿人建议
E: English must be as good as possible  英语要尽可能好
P: Presentation is important  表达很重要
T: Take your time with revision  精心修稿
A: Acknowledge those who have helped you 感谢帮助你的人
N: New, original and previously unpublished  创新、原创、未发表
C: Critically evaluate your own manuscript  批判性地看待文章
E: Ethical rules must be obeyed  遵守伦理规范